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高考英语阅读理解高分技巧之猜测生词词义           ★★★
高考英语阅读理解高分技巧之猜测生词词义
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2015-2-25 20:30:54

对于艺考生来说,一份高考英语试卷中有很多词汇不认识也是极为正常的事情。然而,如何让不认识的词汇尽量不影响对句子或阅读短文的理解,或者能正确猜出不认识的词汇却是一项非常重要的技能。况且,正确判断词义也是高考阅读能力测试的要求之一。下面介绍几种帮助学生有效猜测生词词义的技巧和方法,猜测一下划线词汇的意思,后面附有参考答案供核对。
一、根据定义或解释说明猜测生词的词义
在含有生词的上下文中有时能找到一个对此生词所下的定义或解释说明。如可以根据be,be called, that is (to say), in other words, namely,mean, deal with, to be, refer to, be known as等判断词猜测生词的含义。如:
1.A person who is good at making or repairing wooden objects is called a carpenter.
2.It will be very hard but very brittle—that is , it will break easily
我们还可根据定语从句或同位语对其修饰的先行词的词义做出推测。例如:
3.Semantics, the study of the meaning of words, is necessary if you are to speak and read intelligently.
4. His uncle is a zoologist, who is an expert who does research on animals.
有时可以根据文中的破折号冒号,分号,引号,和括号推测。如:
5. A calendar is a timetable of the days, weeks, months of a certain year.
6. She had a lesion on her arm that would not stop bleeding.
二、根据列举的事例猜测词义
通过冒号,such as , like, for example, for instance等词可以推测词义。如:
Those days, young couples often spent lots of their money on appliances, for instance, washing machines, refrigerators and color televisions.
三、根据对比关系猜测生词的词义
 通过but,while, however,despite,in spite of ,yet,otherwise,though, instead , on the other hand, on the contrary等表示意义转折的连词猜测生词的词义。如:
1.Though Tom's face has been washed quite clean, his neck still remains grubby.
2.John usually wastes a lot of money on such useless things;His wife, however, is very thrifty.
四、根据同等关系猜测词义
 明显的标志是,这样的词组或短语中间常常用并列连词and或or来连接。如:
1. Mr. Smith loves to talk, and his wife is similarlyloquacious.
2. The proprietor or the owner of the store is a big man.
五、通过因果关系猜测词义
because,since, as, so,so...that与such...that等通过因果关系,猜出生词的词义。如:
1. She wanted the hairdresser to trim her hair a bit because it was too long.
2. The river is so turbid that it is impossible to see the bottom even when it is shallow.
六、运用逻辑推理能力,自身的生活经验及生活常识,可以正确猜出词义。如:
1. Birds fly with their wings, and they pick up their foods, and then eat them with theirbeaks and they use their claws for tearing, seizing, pulling or holding objects.
2. The flowers in the vasewithered because they had no water.

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