Such an able man to help you，you will surely succeed sooner or later.
有这么能干的人来帮你, 你迟早一定会成功的。（such an able man和 to help you 之间存在着主谓关系）
= Since such an able man will help you, you will surely succeed sooner or later.
He seating himself at the desk, his mother began to tell him a story.
他在书桌旁坐好后，他母亲开始给他讲故事。（seating himself at the desk拥有了自己的逻辑主语he，注意是“主格”）
= When he seated himself at the desk, his mother began to tell him a story.
The key to the bike lost, he had to walk to school.
由于丢了自行车钥匙，他只好步行去学校。（lost 的逻辑主语是the key，lost 也可以用完成式having been lost）
= Because the key to the bike had been lost, he had to walk to school.
His mother to come tonight，he is busy preparing the dinner.
他母亲今晚要来,他正在忙着准备饭菜。（= As his mother is to come tonight, he is busy preparing the dinner.）
——will you go to the comcert tonight 你今晚去听音乐会吗？
——sorry.So many exerise-books to check,I rially can't afford any time.
（＝Because I shall check so many exercise-books tonight,I really can't afford any time.）
The four of us agreed on a division of labour,each to translate a quarter of the book.
（＝The four of us agreed on a division of labour and each is to translate a quarter of the book.）
Many trees,flowers,and grass to be planted,our newly-built school will look even more beautiful. 种上许多的树，花和草后，我们新建的学校将看上去更美。(=If many trees,flowers,and grass are planted,our newly-built school will look even more beautiful.)
Being ill, he went home.
由于生病,他回家了。（= As he was very ill, he went home.）
Seating himself at the desk, he began to read a magazine.
在课桌旁坐好后，他开始看杂志。（= When he had seated himself at the desk, he began to read a magazine.）
Everyone being ready, the teacher began his class.
每个人都准备好后，老师开始上课。（相当于一个时间状语从句When everyone was
The chairman began the meeting , everyone being seated.
每个人坐好后，主席开始开会。（相当于一个时间状语从句after everyone was seated）
The boy leading the way, we had no trouble finding the strange cave. 由那个男孩带路，我们没有困难就找到了那奇怪的洞。（相当于一个原因状语从句Because the boy led the way）
Many eyes watching him, he felt a bit nervous. 许多眼睛看着他，他感到有点儿紧张。（相当于一个原因状语从句As many eyes were watching him）
It being National Day today，the streets are very crowded. 今天是国庆节,街上很拥挤。
= As it is National Day today, the streets are very crowded.
There being no further business to discuss, we all went home. 没有别的事可讨论，我们都回家了。
= As there was no further business to discuss, we all went home.
Time permitting, we will have a picnic next week.
My health allowing, I will work far into the night.
我的健康许可的话，我愿工作到深夜。（相当于一个条件状语从句If my health allows）
The students are walking in the school happily, each wearing a card in front of his chest.
学生们快乐地在学校里走着，每个人胸前都带着一张卡。（相当于一个并列分句and each wears a card in front of his chest）
The boy lay on the grass, his eyes looking at the sky.
男孩躺在草地上，眼睛看着天空。（相当于一个并列分句and his eyes were looking at the sky）
The book written in simple English, English beginners were able to read it.
= As the book was written in simple English，English beginners were able to read it.
The workers worked still harder, their living conditions greatly improved.
= As their living conditions were greatly improved, the workers worked still harder.
He was listening attentively in class, his eyes fixed on the blackboard.
= He was listening attentively in class, and his eyes were fixed on the blackboard.
The task completed,he had two months' leave.
任务完成以后，他休了两个月的假。（=When the task had been completed,he had two months' leave.）
The manager looks worried，many things to settle. 经理看上去很着急, 有这么多的事情要处理。（事情还没有处理，而且是由经理本人来处理，用不定式to settle）
The manager looks relaxed, many things settled. 许多事情已经处理好了， 经理看上去很轻松。（事情已经处理好了，用动词-ed形式settled表示动作已经结束）
The food being cooked, the boy was watching TV. 小孩一边做饭，一边看电视。（两个动作同时进行）
The food cooked, the boy went to bed. 饭做好了，小孩去睡了。（两个动作有先后，饭已做好，小孩才去睡觉的）
“逻辑主语 being 其他”是独立主格结构中的“逻辑主语 动词-ing形式”的一种形式。在这种结构中，being往往可以被省去，这种省去being的结构，称之为无动词“独立主格结构”。
Ten students entered for the competition, the youngest a boy of 12.
十个学生报名参加了这次竞赛，年纪最小的是个12岁的男孩。（the youngest和a boy of 12之间省去了being）
独立主格结构中的being在下列两种情况下一般不能省略，一是在“There being 名词”结构中，二是在逻辑主语是代词的情况下。
There being no bus, we had to walk home. 由于没有公共汽车，我们只好走回家。
It being Sunday, all the offices are closed. 因为是星期日，所有办公室都关门。
He turned to me, his eyes sleepy.
= He turned to me, and his eyes were sleepy.
He stood there, his mouth wide open.
他站在那里，嘴张得大大的。（his mouth和wide open之间省去了being）
= He stood there, and his mouth was wide open.
School over, we all went home.
= School was over, and we all went home.
He sat at his desk, his shoes off.
= He sat at his desk and his shoes were off.
He is standing in front of the blackboard, his back towards us.
= He was standing in front of the blackboard, and his back was towards us.
The new teacher came in, a smile on her face.
= The new teacher came in and she had a smile on her face.
The teacher came into the classroom，a rule in his hand.
= The teacher came in and a ruler was in his hand.
The music teacher stood at the door, violin in hand.
音乐老师站在门口,手里拿着一把小提琴。（= The music teacher stood at the door, a violin in his hand.）
二、 withwithout 引导的独立主格结构
介词withwithout 宾语 宾语的补足语可以构成独立主格结构，上面讨论过的独立主格结构的几种情况在此结构中都能体现。
A． with 名词代词 形容词
He doesn 't like to sleep with the windows open.
= He doesn't like to sleep when the windows are open.
He stood in the rain, with his clothes wet.
= He stood in the rain, and his clothes were wet.
在“with 名词代词 形容词”构成的独立主格结构中，也可用已形容词化的-ing形式或-ed形式。
With his son so disappointing，the old man felt unhappy.
With his father well-known, the boy didn誸 want to study.
B． with 名词代词 副词
Our school looks even more beautiful with all the lights on.
= Our school looks even more beautiful ifwhen all the lights are on.
The boy was walking, with his father ahead.
= The boy was walking and his father was ahead.
C． with 名词代词 介词短语
He stood at the door, with a computer in his hand. 或
He stood at the door, computer in hand.
= He stood at the door, and a computer was in his hand.
Vincent sat at the desk, with a pen in his mouth. 或
Vincent sat at the desk, pen in mouth.
= Vincent sat at the desk, and he had a pen in his mouth.
D． with 名词代词 动词的-ed形式
With his homework done, Peter went out to play.
= When his homework was done, Peter went out to play.
With the signal given, the train started.
= After the signal was given, the train started.
I wouldn't dare go home without the job finished.
= I wouldn't dare go home because the job was not finished.
E． with 名词代词 动词的-ing形式
The man felt very happy with so many children sitting around him.
= The man felt very happy when he found so many children sitting around him.
The girl hid her box without anyone knowing where it was.
= The girl hid her box and no one knew where it was.
Without anyone noticing, he slipped through the window. 他趁没人注意的时候，从窗口溜走了。
= When no one was noticing, he slipped through the window.
F． with 名词代词 动词不定式
The little boy looks sad, with so much homework to do.
= The little boy looks sad because he has so much homework to do.
The kid feels excited with so many places of interest to visit.
The kid feels excited as there are so many places of interest to visit.
在withwithout 的复合结构中，多数情况下with 能省略，但without 不能省略。
Without a word more spoken, she left the meeting room.
Night coming on, we put ourselves up in a small hotel. 夜幕降临，我们在一家小旅馆住了下来。
（= When night came on, we put ourselves up in a small hotel.）
All the guests seated, they began their dinner.
（= When all the guests were seated, they began their dinner.）
With everything she needed bought, Grace took a taxi home.
（After everything she needed was bought, Grace took a taxi home.）
With a lot of difficult problems to settle, the newly-elected president is having a hard time.
（= As he has a lot of difficult problems to settle, the newly-elected president is having a hard time.）
There being no means of transportation, he had to walk home at midnight.
(= As there was no means of transportation, he had to walk home at midnight.)
Weather permitting, we will hold our yearly sports meeting next week.
（= If weather permits，we will hold our yearly sports meeting next week.）
All the work done, you can have a rest.
（=As long as all the work is done, you can have a rest.）
【误】When class being over, the students left their classroom.
【正】Class (being) over, the students left their classroom. 下课了，学生都离开了教室。
【误】The moon appearing and they continued their way.
【正】The moon appearing, they continued their way. 月亮出来了，他们继续赶路。
The strange man was walking down the street, with a stick in his hand.
（= The strange man was walking down the street, and he carried a stick in his hand.）
The murderer was brought in, with his hands tied behind his back.
（=The murderer was brought in, and his hands were tied behind his back.）
Two hundred people died in the accident, many of them children.
（Two hundred people died in the accident and many of them were children.）
He is the person with a lot of questions to be settled. (with 的复合结构作定语,修饰the student)
= He is the person who has a lot of questions to be settled.
You can use a large plastic bottle with its top cut off. (with 的复合结构作定语,修饰bottle)
= You can use a large plastic bottle whose top was cut off.
He was walking along the road without any street lights on its both sides.
他走在一条两边没有路灯的马路上。 (without的复合结构作定语,修饰the road )
= He was walking along the road that didn’t have any street lights on its both sides.
If you stand on the top of the mountain，the park looks more beautiful.
If you check your test paper carefully, some mistakes can be avoided.